Harmonizing Higher Education in Africa
Right from the colonial era in the history of Africans, leaders of Africa have seen the need for them to collaborate for greater strength and confidence in African Education systems, structures, and institutions.
Among all the systems being mentioned, Higher Education is the system considered most to be certainly a driver for development: it can therefore be described as the incubator for knowledge, research, generation, and data management. Also, it is considered to e the capacity of development.
On the other hand, harmonization indicates the an agreed, synchronized, and coordinated education systems strategically developed to strengthen the capacity of higher education. This however enables institutions to cater to the employability needs of populations.
About 21 out of 54 African leaders In 1981, signed an agreement to collaborate in promoting higher education.
By this convention, guidelines for harmonizing Higher Education were established through mutual qualification and inter-country collaboration.
Due to many circumstances, the harmonization of higher education in Africa has remained impalpable.
Inadequate financial resources and the different linguistic zones that divide Africa are considered to be the cause of these problems. The globalized world is mostly adapting itself to the increasingly mobile intellectual labor force which shows that growing attention must be paid to quality assurance of higher education in Africa.
Notwithstanding the fog clouding the issue of higher education, the University World News reports that UNESCO believes there has been a breakthrough for some 16 African countries for the past years.
Four other Regions have established agreements to harmonized to established their higher education systems. This includes Latin America and the Caribbean the Arab States Europe and Asia, and the Pacific
The establishment of agreed education systems, as a tactic for strengthening the capacity of educational institutions to meet many emerging needs we the main reason for equivalence and standardization of education systems in Africa.
Education can be systematically improved against common, agreed benchmarks of excellence through innovative forms of collaboration. These will therefore facilitate the mobility of students in Africa.
Transitioning of students from one university or school system from one country to another is very paramount and must be smooth.
The growing trend of globalization implies that there should be close cooperation between member states. There will help in standardizing trade and the educational systems.
To make the higher Educational system more effective, there is a need to facilitate the regional integration processes especially the free movement of human resources and professional labor to facilitate the regional integration processes, there will be a great need for harmonization between countries.
Furthermore, there is a great need for the training systems to be harmonized. This will make it easier for university or trainees to secure employment in another country after studying in their own country.