These things affect the education system in Ghana negatively
The Ghanaian education system has a lot of shortfalls. Thus, from the lower to the higher level of education, there are many problems that needs to looked at critically by the government and the Ghana Education Service.
From the pre-tertiary to the tertiary level of education in Ghana, there are problems but this article will take a look at the pre-tertiary level. It seems all the problems being encountered in our education system are a result of the kind of pre-tertiary system of education we run in the country. As we focus on the pre-tertiary system, we will delve into the basic education system and how it is being handled. Mostly, the policymakers in the sector abandon the basic schools and concentrate on the second cycle and the tertiary level. This is wrong. the following factors will be discussed; infrastructure; teachers’ condition of service; curriculum; students’ condition; teaching and learning materials.
The success of the pupil depends on the teacher. If the teacher is not well catering for by the employer, then he won’t be able to deliver and as result affect the academic performance of the pupils. In Ghana, the majority of teachers are not provided with accommodation neither are they paid rent allowance. The teacher has to use part of his/her meager salary to pay rent at the end of every month. How much is a diploma teacher paid at the end of the month? Teachers are not paid any monthly allowance at the end of the month even though there are uncountable numbers of them in the collective agreements. Those responsible, thus, the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of education, and the Ghana Education refuse to pay these deserving allowances to teachers to help them ease the pressure that is always exerted on their salaries. In Ghana, it is very hard for the teacher to survive mainly on his/her salary because there are no allowances attached to cater for other petty-petty things. Everything you will be from the salary earned monthly. The stakeholders in charge should take charge working on teachers working and salary conditions to help boost the education system.
Infrastructure is another major hitch in the basic school sector. There are many schools which are still under trees. Pupils and teachers sit under these trees to learn and whenever the rain threatens, the school closes. This will lead to a drastic reduction in the instructional hours and this heavily affects the other levels of education as well because these are the same students who will be placed in the various second cycle schools and later graduate to the tertiary institution. Some schools have no desk for students to sit on. This is evident by the various social media images in circulation daily. When pupils lie down or sit on the bare floor to learn, what at all do you expect them to achieve at the end of the lesson??
A new curriculum was recently introduced in the basic level and this was a welcoming news to every teacher and student as well. The subjects are still loaded and as at now some teachers do not know the number of subjects that are taught at the primary school. Every subject is very important though but at least it shod have been reduced at the KG and lower primary level. According to researchers, almost 90% of basic public-school pupils are unable to read and this very true. At the KG level, English Language and Numeracy could have been introduced and as they are promoted to other classes, they will be adding ups of subjects. This would have helped the child to read and make calculations perfectly before they proceed to other levels.
Teaching-Learning Materials are very vital in teaching. Without TLMs, the teacher deals with the content aspect of the lesson leaving the practical part. This leads to rote learning and abstract teaching. These items are supposed to provided by the employer but it is mostly not provided. Teachers have to provide these items with their own pocket money. A teacher who is not able to afford will have to stick to the content leaving the practical aspect.
Moreover, students are supposed to be fed under the government school feeding program but many schools especially in the deprived communities are not beneficiaries of the said initiative. Around 11 am, pupils, begin to show signs of hunger which as a result affects what they are being taught. Concentration at this point becomes zero.